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Emerging semantic-based interoperable information system technology

Emerging semantic-based interoperable information system technology

Author(s): Kalinichenko L.A.
Published:Computers as Our Better Partners: Proc. of the IISF/ACM Japan International Symposium. -- Singapore: World Scientific, 1994. -- P. 205--215.
Fundamental issues of the semantic interoperability reasoning (SIR) constitute a basis of semantic interoperation. Such issues include: reaching of the coherence of the ontological contexts of the heterogeneous information resources (services) and of the application; searching for resources and their components that could serve as the concretizations of the application specification of requirements; creation of the composition of resources (or their components) that could serve as a consistent, coherent concretization of the application; justifying (proving) that constructed specification is truly a concretization of the application requirements.

Industrial efforts (such as the OMG architecture) are addressing the core (technical) level of interoperation based on the idea of total encapsulation of the underlying resources. Such architectures do not care of SIR and have no provisions for SIR support. They can be treated as nothing-for-SIR architectures: all SIR - required analysis, decisions and tests during the interoperable system design should be provided beyond them. The notion of SIR-complete architecture is introduced. Basic propositions (specificational, methodological, architectural) that constitute the requirements for SIR-complete framework (SIRF) are presented.

To add flexibility, SIRF is extended with cooperative abilities based on the notion of Active Information Resources competing for participation in the information system developments. Additional organizational capability for SIRF is also predicted that leads to mediator-based organization of the past experience reflected in the information resources specially organized for future reuse.

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