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MOSCOW ACM SIGMOD CHAPTER:
Objectives and Activities

Database research coordination

In USSR the database research community was quite well organized. In 70-ies and in the beginning of 80-ies its activity was concentrated around the Data Base Task Group (DBTG). In the middle of 80-ies DBTG was substituted with the more formal Commission on Databases and Information Systems reported to the State Committee on Science and Technology and the Academy of Sciences of USSR. These bodies greatly contributed to consolidation and coordination of database researchers in USSR through the All-Union Conferences (the last conference of this kind took place in September of 1991) , Workshops and specific subtask groups devoted to different research issues providing for discussions, identification of new research directions and for wide dissemination of information. At the beginning of 1992 when USSR and respective organizations ceased to exist it was decided to organize a body of the ACM SIGMOD (http://info.acm.org/SIGMOD/) in Russia with a coordinating responsibility similar to previous groups.

Objectives of the Moscow ACM SIGMOD Chapter

The Moscow ACM SIGMOD Chapter has been chartered by ACM on September 24, 1992. According to the charter, it was formed to operate under the sponsorship of the ACM, the Local Activities Board, ACM SIGMOD, and the SIG Board. The Chapter supports activities complementary to ACM SIGMOD, the ACM, and other ACM activities in Russia. The Chapter is operated exclusively for educational and scientific purposes. General objectives of the Chapter are stated in the charter as:

  • Improve scientific contacts between the Moscow (Russian) and worldwide database communities;
  • Collect and disseminate relevant technical publications to the Moscow database and broader computer science community;
  • Contribute to technical development through support of lectures, professional development seminars and technical briefings;
  • Advance database technology and improve technical interchange through conferences and workshops in Russia and in the former USSR.

The Moscow ACM SIGMOD Chapter is attempting to serve as a bridge with the Worldwide Database community across the new economical and organizational barriers primarily intended on improving contacts to scientists and literature. Interests of the Chapter include broad range of advanced issues of database and information systems technologies.

The body of the Chapter includes currently around 70 people. Alongside with the Russian ACM and ACM SIGMOD members, representatives of research institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) and of the industry, professors of the Universities and students are included into the body. The officers running the chapter are Leonid A. Kalinichenko (Chair), Sergei D. Kuznetsov (Vice-chair), Mikhail R. Kogalovsky (Secretary).

An overview of the main activities of the chapter follows.

Monthly Seminar of the Moscow ACM SIGMOD Chapter

Regular work of the Moscow Chapter is organized through its monthly seminar held at the Moscow State University. About 60 seminar meetings devoted to various advanced directions of databases and information systems (such as object-oriented approach in databases, transaction management and workflows, efficient storage structuring, formal aspects of database theory, object design methodologies, compositional information systems development methods, deductive databases, etc.) have been organized during the Chapter’s activity. The speakers at the seminars are researchers from Russia and from abroad. The following topics were discussed

Theoretical Aspects. 25 Years of the Relation Data Model (O. Gorchinskaya, FORS), Object Databases Perspectives (Yu. Kantonistov et al, Inteltech Plus), A Theory of Relational Databases with Incomplete Information (M. Tsalenko, Russian Univ. for Humanities), Algebraic Methods in Database Theory and Knowledge Representation (E. Beniaminov, Russian Univ. for Humanities), Object Calculus based on Combinatorial Logic (V. Wolfengagen, Moscow Institute for Physical Engineering), Relation Database Conversion and Query Translation into Object Database Environment (P. Stanishich, MSU), Third Manifesto and Object-Relation Databases Foundation (L. Kalinichenko, Institute for Informatics, RAS).

Technical Issues. Multimedia Databases; New Trends in Document Management Systems (N. Emeljanov, Systems Analysis Institute, RAS), Full-Text Databases (B. Novikov, Univ. of Spb), Access Methods for Spatial Databases (M. Martinov, Univ. of Spb), Distributed Transaction Monitors (G. Ladyzhensky, Get Infosystems), Database Storage Systems (B. Novikov, Univ. Of Spb), Real-Time Databases (E. Pavlova, Univ. of Spb), Multi-Dimentional Databases (K. Zdiruk, AIST Project), Semi-structured Data Systems; Object Models Implementation based on a Deductive Environment (K. Lisovsky, Moscow Technical Univ. of Steel and Alloys), World Wide Web - Information Resources and Access (V. Kamensky, Institute for System Programming, RAS), Object-Deductive Functionality Based on Relation Environment (K. Lisovsky, Curs Company), Database Access by the Web Technology (S. Kuznetsov, Institute for System Programming, RAS), Database Technologies for Economic-Mathematical Modeling (M. Kogalovsky, Market Economy Institute, RAS).

Information System Design. Personalized Information Resources Design based on the Web-sites with Semi-structured Data (N. Skvortsov, L. Kalinichenko et al, Institute for Problems of Informatics, RAS), CASE Technologies based on Structured Analysis Approach (G. Kalyanov, Institute for Control Problems, RAS), CASE Technologies for Database Design (B. Posin et al, Wide-Russia Research Institute for Information Technologies and Design Automation), Business Reengineering and Beginning of New System Design (E. Zinder, LVS Company), The Tools for Information Systems Design providing for Component Reuse (D. Brioukhov, L. Kalinichenko, Institute for Problems of Informatics, RAS), Piloting, Design and Implementation of Information Systems (E. Lomako, V. Ostroukhov et al, Voskhod Research Institute), Unified Modeling Language (V. Romanov, MSU Computing Research Center).

Standards. SQL Standard Perspectives (S. Kuznetsov, Institute for System Programming, RAS), SAA Architecture Principles (N. Maximov, Research Center for Computing), Standardization of Object Models and Interoperable Environments (L. Kalinichenko and M. Kuroshev, Institute for Problems of Informatics, RAS), Information Resource Interoperability in CORBA 2.0 Standard (L. Kalinichenko, M. Kogalovsky, RAS), IBM's SOM Architecture (S. Kuznetsov, Institute for System Programming, RAS), ODBC Facilities (V. Filippov, RAS Computing Center), Workflow Architecture and Standards (F. Fomenko, MSU), JavaBeans Technology (Yu. Dolbnev, Sun Microsystems), OMG UML Standard (A.Vendrov, Russian Tax Academy).

Database Products. Universal Database Servers of IBM, Oracle and Informix (S. Kuznetsov, Institute for System Programming, RAS), Object Technologies in Database Servers of New Generation (M. Elashkin, Oracle; D. Bezrukov, FORS; A. Grachev, Informix; K. Lisovsky, IBM), Software AG Products for E-Commerce (O. Kitova, Software AG), Choosing DBMS for Large Database System Implementation (E. Zinder, Price Waterhouse; V. Przhijalkovsky, RAS Computing Center; A. Grachev, Informix; V. Sikolenko, Oracle).

Surveys. The Report of NSF Workshop on Basic Directions in Database Research for Next Decade (Asilomar, 1998) was overviewed by S. Kuznetsov (Institute for System Programming, RAS). Proceedings of various database conferences were overviewed, including SIGMOD/PODS Conferences, NATO Summer School, East-West Database Workshop, Distributed Computing Systems Conference (M. Tsalenko, Russian Univ. For Humanities; L. Kalinichenko, Institute for Problems of Informatics; V. Zadorozhny, Institute for Problems of Informatics; B. Novikov, Univ. of Spb; M. Kogalovsky, Market Economy Institute).

Foreign Speakers at the Seminar. Information Systems Design Methodology (M. Walles, IBM), The Resolution and Sweep Methods (J. Biskup, Hildesheim Univ., Germany), Query Optimization in Object-Oriented Database Systems (A. Dogac, Turkey), Some Client-Server Project (M. Walles, IBM), Programming of the Distributed Object-Oriented Databases by a Tuple Space (B. Bryant, Alabama Univ.), An Introduction to Duration Calculus (Z. Chaochen, United Nations Univ., Macao), Materialized View Maintenance Using Version Numbers (T.W. Ling and E.K. Sze, National Univ. of Singapore).

More details on the seminar activity of the Chapter can be found at http://127.0.0.1:8080/sigmod/seminar.

Conferences

The most important direction of the Moscow ACM SIGMOD Chapter activity consists in organization of the conferences related to database issues. Immediately after its formation, the Moscow ACM SIGMOD Chapter founded the Annual Workshops "Advances in Databases and Information Systems" (ADBIS). In 1993 – 1996 these Workshops were held as the Workshops of the Moscow ACM SIGMOD Chapter in collaboration with the Russian Foundation for Basic Research. International body of the Program Committees and well-organized paper selection process contributed to the quality of the Conferences. In 1996 after series of discussions with Dr. Won Kim (the ACM SIGMOD Chair) it was agreed to transform ADBIS into the East European Conference to provide a forum for the exchange of scientific achievements between the research communities of the Eastern Europe and the rest of the world in the area of databases and information systems. These events would continue and consolidate the series of ADBIS workshops existed previously. It was agreed that ACM SIGMOD will actively support the organization of the Symposia and warrant the high quality of the program. The Moscow ACM SIGMOD Chapter continue to serve as a focal point of the event.

In 1997 – 2000 four East European ADBIS Conferences took place in St. Petersburg (Russia), Poznan (Poland), Maribor (Slovenia), Prague (Czech Republic). The conference in Prague was the first experience extending ADBIS into cooperation with DASFAA - one of the most prestigeous international DB conferences held in Asia and Australia. The ADBIS Steering Committee includes representatives from different countries of the Eastern and Central Europe: Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Greece, Estonia, Germany, Jugoslavia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine.

Now the Moscow ACM SIGMOD Chapter participates also in organization of the new series of All-Russian National Annual Conferences on Digital Libraries (RCDL). These conferences are open for participation of foreign specialists.

Library

Taking into account difficulties in Russia with getting access to the worldwide computer science and database research literature a Chapter’s library is collected to be available for the Moscow database and broader computer science community.

Collaboration

The Chapter collaborates with the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) preparing joint Conferences, reviewing projects related to information systems development for different branches of science. The Chapter collaborates also with Chapters of other ACM SIGs functioning in Russia and Ukraine.

Cooperation with ACM SIGMOD

ADBIS Conferences are organized in cooperation with ACM SIGMOD. The Chapter as well as the ADBIS Steering Committee joined the ACM SIGMOD program "SIGMOD Digital Symposium Collection (DiSC)" aiming at collecting symposium Anthologies on compact discs. Concerning ADBIS, the Anthology currently includes papers accepted for ADBIS that took part during four years: 1994 - 1998. Materials of later conferences will follow as soon as the copyright issues with Springer will be resolved. More details on the ACM SIGMOD international collaboration are contained in the paper "SIGMOD Sister Societies" by Stefano Ceri, Leonid Kalinichenko, Masaru Kitsuregawa, Hongjun Lu, Z. Meral Ozsoyoglu, Richard T. Snodgrass, Victor Vianu.

Supported by Synthesis Group